DVIR Simply Explained (2021)

DVIR Simply Explained (2021)

DVIR is an acronym for Driver Vehicle Inspection Report, which is a very important component of fleet DOT compliance.


According to the Federal law 49 CFR 396.11 and 396.13, drivers need to complete it daily for any commercial vehicle they operate in. It is essential that drivers do their daily inspections and make sure that vehicles that fail the inspection will be fixed before they are driven.


The vehicle inspections are necessary when it comes to road safety and can predict many possible accidents. 




What is DVIR?

DVIR is a Driver Vehicle Inspection Report. DVIRs are enforced by the Department of Transportation (DOT) and specified by Federal Law 49 CFR 396.11 and 396.13. 


The purpose of the report is a confirmation that the driver completed an inspection on a commercial vehicle and it is safe to use. The driver is obligated to do the inspection at the beginning and at the end of the day. It is also called pre-trip and post-trip inspection. 


The DVIR report can be completed either on paper or electronically. Obviously, the electric version of the report (eDVIR) is more efficient when gathering the data, especially for those who can take advantage of vehicle inspection functionality on their Electronic Logging Devices (ELDs) for a further inspection.


From the date the report is submitted, it must be kept for three months. The report must be also submitted at the place of business or where the vehicle is housed. 



An illustration of what dvir means



What does a DVIR include?

  • Brakes and air system 

  • Tires, wheels and rims

  • Safety and emergency equipment

  • Rear view mirrors

  • Steering mechanism

  • Lights and reflectors

  • Windshield wipers

  • Coupling equipment and an extra wheel


What does a DVIR process look like?

  1. A driver should take a walk around the car, check for possible defects or damages and then start a car to check the remaining aspects of the DVIR.
  2. If a driver finds a defect on a vehicle, he/she must report any defect/damage that can have an impact on a vehicle’s safe operation.
  3. The driver is then obligated to sign the report and hand it in to the commercial motor carrier.
  4. Motor carriers then must repair any defect or damage on a vehicle and ensure that vehicle is safe to use. 


Is a DVIR required?

Yes, it is required as it helps to maintain the driver’s safety as well as safety of all others on roads. The goal is to obviously reduce the number of total accidents, prevent any unnecessary crashes and increase the road safety in general. 


According to the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA), there are approximately four million inspections being conducted every year.


The specially trained inspectors who ensure the vehicle’s ‘health’ based on the North American Standard Inspection Program, are responsible for carrying out the roadside inspections. 


Are there penalties for non-compliance?

The non-compliance with DVIR regulations will lead to fines from the Department of Transportation (DOT).


Another issue is that if the vehicle was found unsafe to drive, it is not possible to drive until repaired and will be considered as Out of Service (OOS).


On top of that, the carrier’s CSA score could be affected and lead to a loss of good reputation. 


What is CSA score?

CSA score is short for Compliance, Safety and Accountability. Scores are compiled by collecting data from crash reports, roadside inspections, investigation results and registration details. 


What is my CSA score?

Are you wondering how to check your CSA score? It’s easy and free. Visit the official CSA website, and then enter your US DOT number and US DOT PIN into the SMS login page. Visit the website here - https://csa.fmcsa.dot.gov/YourRole/Drivers 


Incase you do not have a PIN, you can request it from the USDOT and it will take approximately 4-7 days.


FMCSA uses the CSA score as an indicator for high-risk motor carriers and drivers. It only apple son drivers operating commercial vehicles, not personal vehicles.


The CVSA has completed an International Roadcheck in 2018, where they gathered very interesting numbers to look at. We will show you two main categories of violations, driver OOS and vehicle OOS. 


Firstly, we will look at vehicle violations. The highest percentage of 28.4% was brake systems. The second highest of 19.1% was tires/wheels, following closely behind brake adjustment, with 16.3%.


These are three biggest groups of vehicle violations. The following three were cargo securement, lighting and suspension. 


Driver violations results also showed interesting numbers with hours of service as the biggest group with 43.7%. The second place was wrong class license with 21.4% and the third one was false record of duty status with 10.2%. - https://www.cvsa.org/news/2018-roadcheck-results/


How can AutoPi help?

Having AutoPi telematics unit in a fleet management can help prevent any future penalties or fines. Simply connect the AutoPi dongle into the OBD 2 port and start monitoring current 'health' of your vehicle or fleet.


You can monitor the data through your smartphone or laptop and it's very easy to use with the AutoPi server. Contact us for more details or check out our latest 3rd generation to find our more. 





We at AutoPi honestly hope you found the information you were looking for. If not, do not hesitate to contact us at sales@autopi.io


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